Beginner Japanese (3) Noun の Noun (p.44) 数字、時間 (P. 48-49)


Today, we are learning how to express possession as well as numbers and time.

[Noun] の [Noun]

“の” is a particle that connects two nouns to show possession.

For example,

Aiko-san’s bag
あいこさん の バッグ

My bag
わたし の バッグ

His bag
かれ の バッグ

Her bag
かのじょ の バッグ

However, “の” has more functions than just this. It can be used to describe nouns with other nouns.

For example,

A college professor
だいがく の せんせい

A college in Japan.
にほん の だいがく

It can get more complicated, like in the example below.

A Japanese Bank in America.

アメリカ の にほん の ぎんこう

So, let’s practice!

His dog
かれ の 犬(いぬ)

Her shoes
かのじょ の くつ

Japanese flag (Japan’s flag)
にほん の はた

Singer in Japan (Japanese singer)
にほん の 歌手(かしゅ)

Student of Tokyo University
東京大学(とうきょうだいがく) の せいと

OK, next let’s learn about numbers.


Counting in Japanese is relatively easy. Once you know the numbers 1-10, you can count all the way up to 99. For example, to say 15, you just combine the numbers 10 + 5, and to say 35, you combine 3 + 10 + 5.

0 to 10

0 ぜろ
1 いち
2 に
3 さん
4 し(よん)Depend on the place or speaker’s age, some people call it し or よん
5 ご
6 ろく
7 しち(なな)Depend on the place or speaker’s age, some people call it しち or なな
8 はち
9 きゅう
10 じゅう

11 to 99

11 じゅう いち
12 じゅう に

20 に じゅう
21 に じゅう いち
30 さん じゅう
31 さん じゅう いち
40 よん じゅう
41 よん じゅう いち
99 きゅう じゅう きゅう

100 to 999

100 ひゃく
110 ひゃく じゅう
111 ひゃく じゅう いち
200 に ひゃく

999 きゅう ひゃく きゅう じゅう きゅう

1000 to 999

1000 せん
2000 に せん
9999 きゅう せん きゅう ひゃく きゅう じゅう きゅう

10000 –

10000 いち まん
11111 いち まん いっせん ひゃく じゅう いち

OK, one more thing, let’s learn about time.

Time – 時間(じかん)

AM ごぜん
PM ごご

In Japanese, to say the time, you simply say the number and add the word 時(じ).

Hour  時(じ)

1pm ごご いち じ
2pm ごご に じ
3pm ごご さん じ
4pm ごご よ じ
5pm ごご ご じ
6pm ごご ろく じ
7am ごぜん しち じ
8am ごぜん はち じ
9am ごぜん く じ
10am ごぜん じゅう じ
11am ごぜん じゅう いち じ
12am ごぜん じゅう に じ

The word for minute is 分(ふん). Just like hours, you add the word for minute to the end of the minute numbers when telling time. Pronunciation of this kanji changes quite a bit depending on which number comes before it.

1     2     3     4     5
いっぷん  にふん   さんぷん  よんぷん   ごふん
6     7     8      9     10
ろっぷん  ななふん  はっぷん  きゅうふん じゅっぷん
11      12
じゅういっぷん じゅうにふん
20      30      40     50
にじゅっぷん さんじゅっぷん よんじゅっぷん ごじゅっぷん

Let’s practice

1:11 pm ごご いち じ じゅう 1ぷん

3:15 pm ごご さん じ じゅう ご ふん

5:17 am ごぜん ご じ じゅう なな ふん

6:19 am ごぜん ろく じ じゅう きゅう ふん

4: 14 am ごぜん よ じ じゅう よん ぷん

9:36 pm ごご く じ さん じゅう ろっぷん

That it’s for today.

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